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a. A legal goal is made when a live ball enters the basket from above and remains in or passes through the net.
b. A successful field goal attempt from the area on or inside the three-point field goal line shall count two points.
c. A successful field goal attempt from the area outside the three-point field goal line shall count three points.
(1) The shooter must have at least one foot on the floor outside the three-point field goal line prior to the attempt.
(2) The shooter may not be touching the floor on or be inside the three-point field goal line.
(3) The shooter may contact the three-point field goal line, or land in the two-point field goal area, after the ball is released.
d. A field goal accidentally scored in an opponent's basket shall be added to the opponent's score, credited to the opposing player nearest the shooter, and shall be mentioned in a footnote.
e. A field goal that, in the opinion of the officials, is intentionally scored in the wrong basket shall be disallowed. The ball shall be awarded to the opposing team out-of-bounds at the free throw line extended.
f. A successful free throw attempt shall count one point.
g. An unsuccessful free throw attempt which is tapped into the basket shall count two points and shall be credited to the player who tapped the ball in.
h. If there is a discrepancy in the score and it cannot be resolved, the running score shall be official.
a. All periods of regulation play in the NBA will be twelve minutes.
b. All overtime periods of play will be five minutes.
c. Fifteen minutes will be permitted between halves of all games.
d. 100 seconds will be permitted for regular timeouts and between the fourth period and/or any overtime periods. 130 seconds will be permitted between the first and second periods and the third and fourth periods.
e. A team is permitted 30 seconds to replace a disqualified player.
f. The game is considered to be in the two-minute part when the game clock shows 2:00 or less time remaining in the period.
g. The public address operator is required to announce that there are two minutes remaining in regulation and any overtime periods.
h. The game clock shall be equipped to show tenths of a second during the last minute of regulation or overtime periods.
Section III-End of Period
a. Each period ends when time expires.
(1) If a live ball is in flight, the period ends when the goal is made, misscd or touched by an offensive player.
(2) If a personal or technical foul occurs at :00.0, but prior to the horn sounding, the period officially ends after the free throw(s) are attempted. The free throw(s) will be attempted immediately.
(3) If the ball is in the air when the buzzer sounds ending a period, and it subsequently is touched by: (a) a defensive player, the goal, if successful, shall count, or (b) an offensive player, the period has ended.
(4) If a timeout request is made at approximately the instant time expires for a period, the period ends and the timeout shall not be granted. b. If the ball is dead and the game clock shows :00.0, the period has ended even though the buzzer may not have sounded.
Section IV-Tie Score-Overtime
If the score is tied at the end of the fourth period, play shall resume in 100 seconds without change of baskets for any of the overtime periods required. (See Rule 5-Section II-d for the amount of time between overtime periods.)
Section V-Stoppage of Timing Devices
a. The timing devices shall be stopped whenever the official's whistle sounds indicating one of the follow- ing:
(1) A foul (personal or technical)
(2) A jump ball
(3) A floor violation
(4) An unusual delay
(5) A timeout for any other emergency (official's time-no substitutions are permitted)
(6) A regular or 20-second timeout.
b. The timing devices shall be stopped:
(1) During the last minute of the first, second and third periods following a successful field goal attempt.
(2) During the last two minutes of regulation play and/or overtime(s) following a successful field goal attempt.
c. Officials may not use official time to permit a player to change or repair equipment.
Section VI-20-Second Timeout
A player's request for a 20-second timeout shall be granted only when the ball is dead or in control of the team making the request. A request at any other time shall be ignored.
EXCEPTION: The head coach may request a 20 second timeout if there is a suspension of play to administer Comments on the Rules-11. Basic Principles-P.
a. Each team is entitled to one (1) 20-second timeout per half for a total of two (2) per game, including overtimes.
b. During a 20-second timeout a team may only substitute for one player. If the team calling the 20-second timeout replaces a player, the opposing team may also replace one player.
c. Only one player per team may be replaced during a 20-second timeout. If two players on the same team are injured at the same time and must be replaced, the coach must call a regular (100-second) timeout.
d. If a second 20-second timeout is requested during a half (including overtimes), it shall be granted. It will automatically become a charged regular timeout. Overtimes are considered to be an extension of the second half.
e. The official shall instruct the timer to record the 20 seconds and to inform him when the time has expired. An additional regular timeout will be charged if play is unable to resume at the expiration of that 20-second time limit.
EXCEPTION: No regular timeout remaining.
f. This rule may be used for any reason, including a request for a rule interpretation. If the correction is sustained, no timeout shall be charged.
g. Players should say "20-second timeout" when requesting this time.
h. A team is not entitled to any options during the last two minutes of the game or the overtime when a 20-second timeout is called.
i. If a 20-second timeout has been granted and a mandatory timeout by the same team is due, only the mandatory timeout will be charged.
j. A 20-second timeout shall not be granted to the defensive team during an official's suspension of play for (1) delay of game warning, (2) retrieving an errant ball, (3) any other unusual circumstance.
EXCEPTION: Suspension of play for a player bleeding, Comments on the Rules-11. Basic Principles-P.
Section VII-Regular Timeout-100 Seconds
A player's request for a timeout shall be granted only when the ball is dead or in control of the team making the request. A request at any other time shall be ignored. A team is in control when one of its players has possession of the ball on the floor, in the air or following a successful field goal by the opposing team. A request at any other time is to be ignored. Timeouts are considered regular unless the player calls "20-second timeout."
EXCEPTION: The head coach may request a regular timeout if there is a suspension of play to administer Comments on the Rules-11. Basic Principles-P.
a. Each team is entitled to seven (7) charged timeouts during regulation play. Each team is limited to no more than four (4) timeouts in the fourth period and no more than three (3) timeouts in the last two minutes of regulation play. (This is in addition to one 20-second timeout per half.)
b. In overtime periods each team shall be allowed three (3) timeouts regardless of the number of timeouts called or remaining during regulation play or previous overtimes. There is no restriction as to when a team must call its timeouts during any overtime period.
c. There must be two timeouts per period. If neither team has taken a timeout prior to 6:59 in each of the four regulation periods, it shall be mandatory for the Official Scorer to take it at the first dead ball, and to charge it to the home team. If neither team has taken a second timeout prior to 2:59 in each of the four regulation periods, it shall be mandatory for the Official Scorer to take it at the first dead ball and charge it to the team not previously charged in that period. The official scorer shall notify a team when it has been charged with a mandatory timeout. No mandatory timeout shall be taken during an official's suspension of play for (1) a delay of game warning, (2) retrieving an errant ball, or (3) any other unusual circumstance.
d. If a regular or mandatory timeout is awarded the offensive team during the last two minutes of regulation play or overtime and (1) the ball is out of bounds in the backcourt, or (2) after securing the ball from a rebound and prior to any advance of the ball, or (3) after securing the ball from a change of possession and prior to any advance of the ball, the timeout shall be granted. Upon resumption of play, they shall have the option of putting the ball into play at the midcourt line, with the ball having to be passed into the frontcourt, or at the designated spot out-of-bounds. However, once the ball is (1) thrown in from out-of-bounds, or (2) dribbled or passed after receiving it from a rebound or a change of possession, the timeout shall be granted, and, upon resumption of play, the ball shall be in-bounded at the spot nearest where the ball was when the timeout was called. The time on the game clock and the 24-second clock shall remain as when the timeout was called. In order for the option to be available under the conditions in paragraph 2 above, the offensive team must call a 20-second timeout followed by a regular timeout, or call two successive regular timeouts.
EXCEPTION: Rule 12A-Section II-Excessive Timeouts.
In the last two minutes of the fourth period or overtime, the official shall ask the head coach the type of timeout desired (regular or 20-second) prior to notifying the scorer's table. This applies only to a requested timeout.
e. No timeout shall be charged if it is called to question a rule interpretation and the correction is sustained.
f. Additional timeouts may be granted at the expense of a technical foul and all privileges apply.
EXCEPTION: Rule 12A-Section II.
Section VIII-Timeout Requests
a. If an official, upon receiving a timeout request (regular or 20-second) by the defensive team, inadvertently signals while the play is in progress, play shall be suspended and the team in possession shall put the ball in play immediately at the sideline nearest where the ball was when the signal was given. The team in possession shall have only the time remaining of the original ten seconds in which to move the ball into the frontcourt. The 24-second clock shall remain the same.
b. If an official, upon receiving a timeout request (regular or 20-second) from the defensive team, inadvertently signals for a timeout during: (1) a successful field goal or free throw attempt, the point(s) shall be scored; (2) an unsuccessful field goal attempt, play shall be resumed with a jump ball at the center circle between any two opponents; (3) an unsuccessful free throw attempt, the official shall rule disconcerting and award a substitute free throw.
c. If an official inadvertently blows his whistle during (1) a successful field goal or free throw attempt, the points shall be scored, or (2) an unsuccessful field goal or free throw attempt, play shall be resumed with a jump ball at the center circle between any two opponents.
d. Whenever a team is granted a regular or 20-second timeout, play shall not resume until the full 100 seconds, or the full 20 seconds, have elapsed. The throw-in shall be nearest the spot where play was suspended.
a. After time has been out, the game clock shall be started when the official signals time-in. The timer is authorized to start the game clock if officials neglect to signal.
b. On a free throw that is unsuccessful and the ball continues in play, the clock shall be started when the missed free throw is touched by any player.
c. If play is resumed by a throw-in from out-of-bounds, the clock shall be started when the ball is legally touched by any player within the playing area of the court.
d. If play is resumed with a jump ball, the clock shall be started when the ball is legally tapped.