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Section I-Start of Games/Periods and Others

a. The game and overtimes shall be started with a jump ball in the center circle.

b. The team which gains possession after the opening tap will put the ball into play at its opponent's endline to begin the fourth period. The team losing the opening tap will put the ball into play at its opponent's endline at the beginning of the second and third periods.

c. In putting the ball into play, the thrower-in may run along the endline or pass it to a teammate who is also out-of-bounds at the endline-as after a score.

d. After any dead ball, play shall be resumed by a jump ball, a throw-in or by placing the ball at the disposal of a free thrower.

e. On the following floor violations, the ball shall be awarded to the opposing team out-of-bounds on the nearest sideline at the free throw line extended:

(1) Three seconds

(2) Ball entering basket from below

(3) Illegal assist in scoring

(4) Offensive screen set out-of-bounds

(5) Free throw violation by the offensive team

(6) Flagrant foul penalty (1) or (2)

(7) Illegal defense

(8) jump ball at free throw circle

(9) Ball over backboard

(10) Offensive basket interference

(11) Ball hitting horizontal basket support

(12) Loose ball fouls which occur inside the free throw line extended

f. On the following floor violations, the ball shall be awarded to the opposing team on the baseline at the nearest spot:

(1) Ball out-of-bounds on baseline

(2) Ball hitting vertical basket support

(3) Defensive goaltending

(4) During a throw-in on the baseline

(5) Inadvertent whistle which is prior to a baseline throw-in

g. On the following floor violations, the ball shall be awarded to the opposing team on the sideline at the nearest spot:

(1) Where ball is out-of-bounds on sideline

(2) Traveling

(3) Double-dribble

(4) Striking or kicking the ball

(5) Swinging of elbows

(6) 24-second violation

(7) Inadvertent whistle when player control exists and the ball is in play

h. Upon resumption of play, the ball shall be awarded out-of-bounds at the nearest spot following a regular or 20-second timeout.

EXCEPTION: Rule 5-Section VII-D.

i. On a violation which requires putting the ball in play in the backcourt, the official will give the ball to the offensive player as soon as he is in a position out-of-bounds and ready to accept the ball.

EXCEPTION: In the last two minutes of each period or overtime, a reasonable amount of time shall be allowed for a substitution.

Section II-Live Ball

a. The ball becomes live when:

(1) It is tossed by an official on any jump ball.

(2) It is at the disposal of the offensive player for a throw-in.

(3) It is placed at the disposal of a free throw shooter.


Section III-Jump Balls in Center Circle

a. The ball shall be put into play in the center circle by a jump ball between two opponents:

(1) At the start of the game

(2) At the start of each overtime period

(3) For a double free throw violation

(4) For a double foul during a loose ball situation

(5) When the ball becomes dead when neither team is in control and no field goal or infraction is involved

(6) When the ball comes to rest on the basket flange or becomes lodged between the basket ring and the backboard

(7) When a double foul occurs as a result of a difference in opinion between officials

(8) When an inadvertent whistle occurs during a loose ball

(9) When a fighting foul occurs during a loose ball situation

b. In all cases above, the jump ball shall be between any two opponents in the game at that time. If injury, ejection or disqualification makes it necessary for any player to be replaced, his substitute may not participate in the jump ball.

Section IV-Other jump Balls

a. The ball shall be put into play by a jump ball at the circle which is closest to the spot where:

(1) A held ball occurs

(2) A ball out-of-bounds is caused by both teams

(3) An official is in doubt as to who last touched the ball

b. The jump ball shall be between the two involved players unless injury or ejection precludes one of the jumpers from participation. If the injured or ejected player must leave the game, the coach of the opposing team shall select from his opponent's bench a player who will replace the injured or ejected player. The injured player will not be permitted to re-enter the game.

Section V-Restrictions Governing jump Balls

a. Each jumper must have at least one foot on or inside that half of the jumping circle which is farthest from his own basket. Each jumper must have both feet within the restraining circle.

b. The ball must be tapped by one or both of the players participating in the jump ball after it reaches its highest point. If the ball falls to the floor without being tapped by at least one of the jumpers, an official off the ball shall whistle the ball dead and signal another toss.

c. Neither jumper may tap the tossed ball before it reaches its highest point.

d. Neither jumper may leave the jumping circle until the ball' has been tapped.

e. Neither jumper may catch the tossed ball nor tapped ball until such time as it has been touched by one of the eight non-jumpers, the floor, the basket or the backboard.

f. Neither jumper is permitted to tap the ball more than twice on any jump ball.

g. The eight non-jumpers will remain outside the restraining circle until the ball has been tapped. Teammates may not occupy adjacent positions around the restraining circle if an opponent desires one of the positions.

PENALTY for c, d, e, f, g: Ball awarded out-of-bounds to the opponent.

h. Player position on the restraining circle is determined by the direction of a player's basket. The player whose basket is nearest shall have first choice of position, with position being alternated thereafter.

Section VI-Dead Ball

a. The ball becomes dead and/or remains dead when the following occurs:

(1) Held ball

(2) Ball comes to rest on the basket flange or becomes lodged between the basket ring and the backboard

(3) Time expires for the end of any period

(4) Free throw attempt for a technical foul

(5) Personal foul (punching, away-from-the-play)

(6) Free throw which is the first of multiple attempts

(7) Floor violation (traveling, 3-second, 10-second, 24-second, etc.)

(8) Fighting foul

(9) Inadvertent whistle

(10) Prior to player possession out-of-bounds following a successful field goal or free throw, whereby ball is going to be put into play by a throw-in. Contact which is not considered unsportsmanlike shall be ignored (Rule 12ASection VI-1).

EXCEPTION: The ball does not become dead when (3) occurs with a live ball in flight.

Section VII-Ball Is Alive

a. The ball becomes alive when

(1) It is legally tapped by one of the participants of a jump ball.

(2) It is released by the thrower-in.

(3) It is released by the free throw shooter.

Putting the Ball out of Bounds into Bounds

Section I-Player

The player is out-of-bounds when he touches the floor or any object on or outside a boundary. For location of a player in the air, his position is that from which he last touched the floor.

Section II-Ball

a. The ball is out-of-bounds when it touches a player who is out-of-bounds or any other person, the floor, or any object on, above or outside of a boundary or the supports or back of the backboard.

b. Any ball that rebounds or passes behind the backboard, in either direction, from any point is considered out-of-bounds.

c. The ball is caused to go out-of-bounds by the last player to touch it before it goes out, provided it is out-of-bounds because of touching something other than a player. If the ball is out-of-bounds because of touching a player who is on or outside a boundary, such player caused it to go out.

d. If the ball goes out-of-bounds and was last touched simultaneously by two opponents, both of whom are inbounds or out-of-bounds, or if the official is in doubt as to who last touched the ball, or if the officials disagree, play shall be resumed by a jump ball between the two involved players in the nearest restraining circle.

e. After the ball is out-of-bounds, the team shall designate a player to make the throw-in. He shall make the throw-in at the spot out-of-bounds nearest where the ball crossed the boundary. The designated throwerin or his substitute shall not be changed except following a regular or 20-second timeout.

f. After any playing-floor violation, the ball is to be put into play on the sideline.

g. If the ball is interfered with by an opponent seated on the bench (Rule 12A-Section III-c), it shall be awarded to the offended team out-of-bounds at the free throw line extended.

Section III-The Throw-In

a. The throw-in starts when the ball is at the disposal of a player entitled to the throw-in. He shall release the ball inbounds within five (5) seconds from the time the throw-in starts. Until the passed ball has crossed the plane of the boundary, no player shall have any part of his person over the boundary line and teammates shall not occupy positions parallel or adjacent to the baseline if an opponent desires one of those positions. The defensive man shall have the right to be between his man and the basket.

b. On a throw-in which is not touched inbounds, the ball is returned to the original throw-in spot.

c. After a score-field goal or free throw, the latter coming as the result of a personal foul-any player of the team not credited with the score shall put the ball into play from any point out-of-bounds at the endline of the court where the point(s) were scored. He may pass the ball to a teammate behind the endline; however, the five-second throw-in rule applies.

d. After a free throw violation by the shooter or his teammate, the throw-in is made from out-of-bounds at either end of the free throw line extended.

e. Any ball out-of-bounds in a team's frontcourt or at the midcourt line cannot be passed into the backcourt. On all backcourt violations, and midcourt violations, the ball shall be given to the opposing team at the midcourt line and must be passed into the frontcourt.

f. A throw-in which touches the floor, or any object on or outside the boundary line, or touches anything above the playing surface is a violation. The ball must be thrown directly inbounds.

EXCEPTION: Rule 8-Section III-c.

PENALTY: Violation of this rule is loss of possession, and the ball must be inbounded at the previous spot of the throw-in.